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The 4 Steps Everyone Needs In Their Skincare Routine

March 21, 2019 in Beauty, Skincare - 4 min read
If you read What Is Your Skin Type?, you now know two things- 1) your skin type and 2) less is more. Now that we have that figured out, you can build your routine. Here are 4 steps everyone needs in their skincare routine regardless of their skin type:

Step 1: Cleanser/ Masks

Cleanser, or face wash gets rid of all the oil, dirt, makeup and bacteria on your face that built up throughout the day. There are so many different kinds like foam, gel, cream, oil and your standard liquid. A good mask on clean skin can pull out the deep impurities in your skin leaving fresh clean skin if you need a pick me up.

Step 2: Toner/Essence

Toner helps to remove the leftover dirt after cleansing and helps balance the pH in your skin. Some even help fade dark marks overtime. A universal natural favorite is witch hazel. It doesn’t contains any alcohol which is great in preventing your skin from drying out. The two most popular brands are Dickinson’s and Thayers.
Toner helps to remove the leftover dirt after cleansing and helps balance the pH in your skin. Some even help fade dark marks overtime. A universal natural favorite is witch hazel. It doesn’t contains any alcohol which is great in preventing your skin from drying out. The two most popular brands are Dickinson’s and Thayers.
Essences are a bit different since they contain added ingredients to help prep the skin for the rest of your routine. They are gentle and soak into your skin to give your next step an extra boost. Hence why they are usually more costly than a regular toner.

Step 3: Serum (AHA, BHA)

Serum is used as a boost to renew your skin to its even tone and texture free base without any dark marks, signs of anti aging or dullness. You can use chemical serums to help you unstick the glue that helps stick you skin together to get rid of all the bad stuff underneath and increase skin regeneration. Your skin sheds naturally but these help accelerate the process a bit with better results. There are two types of chemical exfoliants- AHA and BHA. Their differences are subtle but make major chances with continued use. It is important to use a basic moisturizer with simple ingredients to avoid getting in the way of our helpers doing their jobs.
AHA:
-natural derivatives from fruits/natural substances,
-good for all skin types,
-water soluble so don’t penetrate as deep as bha,
-helps nourish and even out skin by dissolving dead layer
-types of ahas are:
-glycolic (found in sugar, small so penetrate deep),
-lactic(less irritating, dissolve but more mild than glycolic, moisturize while exfoliates),
-mandelic (antibacterial, exfoliating w/out brightening, more gentle, almonds) ,
-malic (not as strong as glycolic or lactic, often used in combo w/other aha, brightening properties, found in fruits).
BHA:
-oil soluble so it penetrates deeper to sebum to help breakouts and dissolve it to unclog, helps with acne, anti inflammatory properties
-types of BHA are:
-salicylic
If this still sounds like gibberish to you, check out this helpful video where they break it down and provide visuals so you can pick which one will work best for you.

Step 4: Moisturizer/Oil AND Sunscreen

Moisturizer is here to put moisture back in your skin that might have gotten lost in the first two steps. No matter if you have normal or oily skin, everyone needs that added hydration on their face. If it is daytime, PLEASE don’t forget add sunscreen. Especially if your moisturizer doesn’t have it added. When it comes to the type of moisturizer, the possibilities are endless. You can go the light water-based route or heavy oil-based route. For my oily people, please do not write off adding an oil to your nighttime skincare routine. By doing this as the last step in your routine, you are locking in all your hard work and preparing your skin to be refueled throughout the night, look its best and treat you right.

Step 5: Under Eye cream

Under eye cream is optional but in the long run, it’s a godsend and the easiest first step to anti aging. There’s a constant debate about when you should start using it but in my opinion, your 20s is a good time. If you’re African-American, I know they say black don’t crack but I’m personally not taking any chances. The majority of eye creams contain calming, hydrating and brightening ingredients to prevent the signs of anti aging.
So that’s it. I tried my best to make it as simple as possible. Based on your skin type, the different types of products for each step will vary. Like I said earlier, skincare is very personal. You never know if a product works for you unless you try but sticking to a routine like this will make sure that your skin is being well taken cared of. Let me know if you guys want an in depth post about recommendations.
And if you’re wondering, yes there are definitely more steps that you can add like double cleansing, a sleeping mask, retinol, etc. but I recommend that you have a solid and reliable foundation that holds you down before you add anything else and your skin goes crazy.

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Hi Empress! I show women the endless opportunities to be themselves by empowering them to embrace and grow from their shared experiences through vulnerability and community. I help you accept that you'll always be a work in progress and complete at the same time so you can take back power over your life and reach your full potential!

Shantel

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